Attachment B

Proposed Strategy and Timeline



            A Proposed Strategy and Timetable

           As discussed in the Executive Summary, staff recommends that the County follow the milestones outlined in ICLEI’s “5 Milestone            Process”, which are also consistent with the Cool Counties Policies and Programs Template: 1) conduct a baseline greenhouse gas            emissions inventory, 2) set an emissions reduction target for both the community and government operations, based on inventory             information, 3) develop a Local Action Plan to reduce emissions and achieve the set target, 4) pursue implementation of the Local             Action Plan, and 5) monitor and report results to interested parties and stakeholders.


·         Milestone 1: Conduct a Baseline Emissions Inventory

A baseline emissions inventory serves as a reference against which to measure our emission reduction in tons of greenhouse gas emissions. A baseline analysis will reveal which activities in the County (community and government operations) are causing the greenhouse gas emissions (e.g. transportation, building operation, etc.) as well as the quantity that each of the activities is contributing. In this way, the emissions inventory analysis aids in prioritizing areas and activities of focus for the development of the Local Action Plan. The inventory is broken down into Community and Government sectors. The former includes residential, commercial and industrial emissions, whereas the latter includes emissions from public schools, government buildings and fleet.


Baseline Year

The Kyoto Protocol called for reduction of emissions by industrialized countries by an average of 5.3% reduction below 1990 levels by 2012. Considering the difficulty of accessing accurate records of community and government utility use, etc., from the year 1990, staff recommends the County use a baseline year of 2000. This is consistent with the methodology the City of Charlottesville is using in its analysis, which is important if the City and County should decide to collaborate on a Local Action Plan in the future.


Interim Year

Staff recommends that the County also collect greenhouse gas emissions data for an interim year, 2006, in order provide a measure for emissions growth over the 6 year period, and also to examine what, if any, impact our governmental operations-related sustainability efforts (e.g. ENERGY STAR, hybrid fleet vehicles, etc.) have made on lowering emissions in the 6 year period. This information may then be useful with setting a realistic Interim Target and Target.


By participating in Cool Counties, the County has pledged to achieve a long-range target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050, an annual average of 2%. However, ICLEI advises that localities with long-range targets generally also establish interim targets (e.g. every 5 years) so that more immediate goals can be set and tracked. Most localities have chosen a 10-20 year timeframe for their forecast or interim target year.


Oftentimes at this stage, a locality will elect to establish a County-wide Task Force or Citizen’s Advisory Committee consisting of representatives from key sectors (Transportation, Commercial, Industrial, Public, County government) to manage all of the following milestones by examining the inventory data and establishing both reduction targets and work on developing a Local Action Plan. The County may want to consider working with the City of Charlottesville to form a combined Task Force, as climate change is a regional issue and it may be beneficial for the City and County to combine some of their climate protection efforts.


This involves establishing a detailed Action Plan, including the policies, programs, and projects that local governments take to meet their emission reduction targets by the target year. A sample Local Action Plan is included as Attachment D, and examples of policies, programs and projects that other localities have implemented as part of their Local Action Plans are provided in Attachment C.


This stage involves implementing the policies, programs and projects outlined in the Local Action Plan. This stage will be ongoing as new “interim targets” are set, and will involve multiple sectors and groups, including the Countywide Task Force, if/when established, working to achieve this milestone. ICLEI recommends updating the Clean Air Climate Protection (CACP) software every 2-3 years with current emissions data to check on emission reduction progress and to ensure that new data (e.g. census) and information on new developments are added if/when appropriate.


This includes ongoing periodic review, progress assessment and public reporting until the target year, and beyond. This process as mentioned above is typically managed by the County-wide Task Force.


                  Estimated Timeline for Albemarle County

                  A proposed, estimated timetable for achieving these milestones is as follows:




Start Date

Complete Date

Completed By

Milestone 1: Conduct Baseline Emissions Inventory

January 15, 2008

August 31, 2008

General Services Dept.

Milestone 2: Set a Target (and establish Task Force)

October 1, 2008

December 31, 2008

Staff, Board of Supervisors, Task Force

Milestone 3: Establish Local Action Plan

January 15, 2009

May 31, 2009

Task Force

Milestone 4: Implement Local Action Plan

June 1, 2009


Task Force, Various Sectors, Groups, Staff

Milestone 5: Assess, Report, and Modify Local Action Plan

June 1, 2010


Task Force, Board of Supervisors, Staff



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