ORDINANCE NO.  08-18(  )

 

AN ORDINANCE TO AMEND CHAPTER 18, ZONING, ARTICLE I, GENERAL PROVISIONS, ARTICLE II, BASIC REGULATIONS, AND ARTICLE III, DISTRICT REGULATIONS, OF THE CODE OF THE COUNTY OF ALBEMARLE, VIRGINIA

 

BE IT ORDAINED By the Board of Supervisors of the County of Albemarle, Virginia, that Chapter 18, Zoning, Article I, General Provisions, Article II, Basic Regulations, and Article III, District Regulations, of the Code of the County of Albemarle is amended and reordained as follows:

 

By Amending:

 

Sec. 3.1                        Definitions

Sec. 4.11.3        Reduction of building separation and side yards

Sec. 4.11.3.1     Untitled

Sec. 4.11.3.2     Untitled

Sec. 14.3          Area and bulk regulations

Sec. 15.3          Area and bulk regulations

Sec. 16.3          Area and bulk regulations

Sec. 17.3          Area and bulk regulations

Sec. 18.3          Area and bulk regulations

 

By Repealing:

 

Sec. 4.11.3.3     Untitled

 

Article I.  General Provisions

 

Sec. 3.1  Definitions

 

. . .

 

Zero lot line.  The term “zero lot line” means the location of a detached dwelling unit or portion thereof on a lot in such a manner that one of the sides of the dwelling unit rests less than the distance to the side lot line otherwise required in the district and may rest directly on that side lot line.

 

Zero lot line development.  The term “zero lot line development” means a subdivision reviewed and approved by the county as a single-family detached residential or mixed use development that uses zero lot lines, and in which a minimum separation of ten feet between detached dwelling units is maintained.

 

 . . .

 

Article II.  Basic Regulations

 

Sec. 4.11.3  Reduction of building separation and side yards (Added 1-1-83)

 

4.11.3.1      Minimum building separation and side yards for main structures shall be reduced in accordance with applicable district regulations in a particular case under the following circumstances:

 

      a.   Such structures are located within a four (4) mile radius of a responding fire station and in an area where available fire flows are adequate by Insurance Service Offices standards to permit such reduction; or

 

      b.   All such structures for which separation and/or side yards are reduced shall be constructed in accordance with Table 401 Fire Resistance Ratings of Structure Elements of the BOCA Basic Building Code 1984 Edition; or its equivalent in the current edition of BOCA Basic Building Code; or (Amended 10-15-86)

 

      c.   In the case of yard reduction, the Albemarle County fire official may require such guarantee as deemed necessary to insure compliance with the provisions of this section inclusive but not limited to deed restriction, disclosure, and other such instruments and the recordation of the same in the office of the clerk of the circuit court of the county.  (Added 1-1- 83)

 

4.11.3.2      In the case of reduction as provided in section 4.11.3.1, the following additional regulations shall apply:

 

      a.   No such structure shall encroach on any emergency accessway as may be required by the Albemarle County fire official;

 

      b.   Unless constructed to a common wall, no such structure shall be located closer than six (6) feet to any lot line;

 

      c.   No such structure shall encroach on any utility, drainage or other easement, nor on any feature required by this ordinance or other applicable law.  (Added 1-1-83)

 

4.11.3.3      Development approved prior to the effective date of this section shall be exempt from section 4.11.3.1 and shall comply with the side yard and building separation regulations of the zoning ordinance in effect at the time of such approval.  For the purposes of this section, “development approved” shall mean:  any final subdivision plat approved pursuant to Chapter 14 of the Code of Albemarle; any site development plan approved pursuant to section 32.0 of this ordinance or comparable provision of prior zoning ordinance; or any planned development district established pursuant to the provisions of this ordinance or prior zoning ordinance.  (Added 1-1-83)

 

The minimum building separation and side yards for primary structures may be reduced in accordance with the applicable district regulations as follows:

 

            A.        Reductions for structures not within  zero lot line developments; with adequate fire flows or which are constructed in accordance with the building code.  The minimum building separation or side yards for primary structures may be reduced if the structure is not located within a zero lot line development, but is located in an area where available fire flows are adequate under Insurance Service Offices standards to allow the reduction.  Each primary structure for which the minimum building separation or side yard has been reduced as provided in this subsection shall be subject to the following:

 

1.         In the case of a side yard reduction, the Albemarle County fire official may require a guarantee as deemed necessary to insure compliance with the provisions of this section, and this guarantee may include, but not be limited to, appropriate deed restrictions, disclosure, and other such instruments, which shall be of a substance and be in a form approved by the fire official and the county attorney, and shall be recorded in the records of the circuit court of the county;

 

                        2.         No structure shall encroach within any emergency accessway required by the Albemarle County fire official;

 

            3.         Unless constructed to a common wall, no structure shall be located closer than six (6) feet to any lot line; and

 

            4.         No structure shall encroach on any utility, drainage or other easement, nor on any feature required by this chapter or other applicable law.

 

B.         Reductions for dwelling units within zero lot line developmentsThe minimum building separation or side yards for detached dwelling units may be reduced to zero (0) feet on one side for each dwelling unit located within a zero lot line development if the structure is located in an area where available fire flows are adequate under Insurance Service Offices standards to allow the reduction.  Each zero lot line development shall be subject to the following:

 

1.         The subdivider shall submit with the final subdivision plat a lot development plan showing all the lots in the zero lot line development and delineating the location of each zero lot line dwelling unit;

 

2.         The subdivider shall establish a perpetual wall maintenance easement on the lot abutting the zero lot line side of the dwelling unit so that, with the exception of fences, a minimum  width of ten (10) feet between dwelling units shall be kept clear of structures in perpetuity.  This easement shall be shown on the final plat, shall be of a substance and be in a form approved by the director of community development and the county attorney, shall be recorded in the records of the circuit court of the county with the approved final subdivision plat, and shall be incorporated by reference in each deed transferring title to each lot that is a dominant and servient estate; and .

 

3.         Building footings may penetrate the easement on the adjacent lot to a maximum distance of eight (8) inches.

 

Article III. District Regulations

 

Sec. 14.3  Area and bulk regulations

 

AREA AND BULK REGULATIONS

 

            Area and bulk regulations within the R-2, Residential, district are as follows:

 

                             STANDARD LEVEL                         BONUS LEVEL

                       CONVENTIONAL    CLUSTER              CONVENTIONAL   CLUSTER

REQUIREMENTS           DEVELOPMENT    DEVELOPMENT           DEVELOPMENT    DEVELOPMENT

Gross density                                   2 du/acre                      2 du/acre                                         3 du/acre                        3 du/acre

Minimum Lot Size                         21,780 sq ft                    14,500 sq ft                                    14,520 sq ft.                 9,700 sq ft

Minimum

frontage:

public, private                                   80 feet                           70 feet                                               70 feet                         65 feet

Yards, minimum:

Front                                                  25 feet                            25 feet                                               25 feet                        25 feet

Side(a)                                                10 feet                             10 feet                                               10 feet                        10 feet

Rear                                                   20 feet                             20 feet                                               20 feet                        20 feet

(a)  Minimum side yards may be reduced to not less than ten (10) feet in accordance with section 4.11.3, provided that minimum side yards may be reduced to zero (0) feet on one side in zero lot line developments in accordance with section 4.11.3 and are approved under chapter 14.

Maximum

Structure height                                35 feet                             35 feet                                               35 feet                        35 feet

 

Sec. 15.3  Area and bulk regulations (Amended 3-18-81)

 

AREA AND BULK REGULATIONS

 

            Area and bulk regulations within the R-4, Residential, district are as follows:

 

                             STANDARD LEVEL                         BONUS LEVEL

                       CONVENTIONAL    CLUSTER              CONVENTIONAL   CLUSTER

REQUIREMENTS           DEVELOPMENT    DEVELOPMENT           DEVELOPMENT    DEVELOPMENT

Gross density                                    4 du/acre                     4 du/acre                                         6 du/acre                       6 du/acre

Minimum Lot Size                        (added 7-17-85)

                                                        10,890 sq ft                    N/A                                                 7,260 sq ft.                        N/A

Yards, minimum:

Front                                                 25 feet                            25 feet                                               25 feet                        25 feet

Side(a)                                                15 feet                            15 feet                                               15 feet                        15 feet

Rear                                                  20 feet                            20 feet                                                20 feet                       20 feet

(a)  Minimum side yards shall may be reduced to not less than ten (10) feet in accordance with section 4.11.3, provided that minimum side yards may be reduced to zero (0) feet on one side in zero lot line developments in accordance with section 4.11.3 and are approved under chapter 14.  (Amended 1-1-83)

Maximum

Structure height                                35 feet                             35 feet                                               35 feet                        35 feet

 

Sec. 16.3  Area and bulk regulations

 

AREA AND BULK REGULATIONS

 

            Area and bulk regulations within the R-6, Residential, district are as follows:

 

                             STANDARD LEVEL                         BONUS LEVEL

                       CONVENTIONAL    CLUSTER              CONVENTIONAL   CLUSTER

REQUIREMENTS           DEVELOPMENT    DEVELOPMENT           DEVELOPMENT    DEVELOPMENT

Gross density                                    6 du/acre                     6 du/acre                                            9 du/acre                        9du/acre

Minimum Lot Size                          (Added 7-17-85)

                                                           7,260 sq ft                          N/A                                             4,840 sq ft.                    N/A

Yards, minimum:

Front                                                 25 feet                            25 feet                                               25 feet                        25 feet

Side(a)                                                15 feet                            15 feet                                               15 feet                        15 feet

Rear                                                  20 feet                            20 feet                                               20 feet                        20 feet

(a)  Minimum side yards shall may be reduced to not less than ten (10) feet in accordance with section 4.11.3, provided that minimum side yards may be reduced to zero (0) feet on one side in zero lot line developments in accordance with section 4.11.3 and are approved under chapter 14.  (Amended 1-1-83)

Maximum

Structure height                                35 feet                            35 feet                                                35 feet                        35 feet

 

Sec. 17.3  Area and bulk regulations

 

AREA AND BULK REGULATIONS

 

            Area and bulk regulations within the R-10, Residential, district are as follows:

 

                             STANDARD LEVEL                         BONUS LEVEL

                       CONVENTIONAL    CLUSTER              CONVENTIONAL   CLUSTER

REQUIREMENTS           DEVELOPMENT    DEVELOPMENT           DEVELOPMENT    DEVELOPMENT

Gross density                                    10 du/acre                     10 du/acre                                        15 du/acre                 15du/acre

Minimum Lot Size                          (Added 7-17-85)

                                                          4,356 sq ft                          N/A                                           2,904 sq ft.                   N/A

Yards, minimum:

Front                                                 25 feet                            25 feet                                              25 feet                        25 feet

Side(a)                                                15 feet                            15 feet                                              15 feet                        15 feet

Rear                                                  20 feet                            20 feet                                             20 feet                         20 feet

(a)  Minimum side yards shall may be reduced to not less than (10) feet in accordance with section 4.11.3, provided that minimum side yards may be reduced to zero (0) feet on one side in zero lot line developments in accordance with section 4.11.3 and are approved under chapter 14.

Maximum

Structure height                                65 feet                             65 feet                                                65 feet                      65 feet

 

Sec. 18.3  Area and bulk regulations

 

AREA AND BULK REGULATIONS

 

            Area and bulk regulations within the R-15, Residential, district are as follows:

 

                             STANDARD LEVEL                         BONUS LEVEL

                       CONVENTIONAL    CLUSTER              CONVENTIONAL   CLUSTER

REQUIREMENTS           DEVELOPMENT    DEVELOPMENT           DEVELOPMENT    DEVELOPMENT

Gross density                                    15 du/acre                     15 du/acre                                     20 du/acre                   20 du/acre

Minimum Lot Size                          (Added 7-17-85)

                                                       2,904 sq ft                          N/A                                                 2,178 sq ft.                    N/A

Yards, minimum:

Front                                                 25 feet                            25 feet                                               25 feet                        25 feet

Side(a)                                                15 feet                            15 feet                                               15 feet                        15 feet

Rear                                                  20 feet                            20 feet                                               20 feet                        20 feet

(a) Minimum side yards shall may be reduced to not less than ten (10) feet in accordance with section 4.11.3, provided that minimum side yards may be reduced to zero (0) feet on one side in zero lot line developments in accordance with section 4.11.3 and are approved under chapter 14. (Amended 1-1-83)

Maximum

Structure height                                 65 feet                            65 feet                                                65 feet                       65 feet

 

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